Thursday, September 16, 2021

George Anderson - "He had a pedlar's certificate and went about the streets carrying shoelaces..."

Newspaper reports between 1902 and 1904 suggest that George Anderson was of no fixed abode and was well known to the police in Aberdeen. As with John Cormack, the subject of the previous blog, George's main transgression was the general whiff of shiftiness that emanated from him. As The Aberdeen Daily Journal of Tuesday 25th November 1902 reported, 

"George Anderson, labourer, from the police cells, being a reputed thief, adhered to a former plea of not guilty to having, on the 12th, 16th and 21st November, been found in a washing-house in Greyfriars Buildings, Gallowgate, with intent to commit theft. Detective Smith deponed that accused had been convicted on 27th May 1901, of the theft of a hat and jacket, and on 8th March 1902, of articles of underclothing. He had a pedlar's certificate, and went about the street carrying shoelaces. Some men were in the habit of making a pretence of selling shoelaces, while in reality they were looking about for an opportunity of committing theft. Detective Innes corroborated. Constable John Fyvie said that he saw accused in a wash-house in a back passage of an entry in Greyfriars Buildings. When accused saw witness he endeavoured to make his escape by a window. Several witnesses said they had seen accused hanging about the close during the daytime. The magistrate sent Anderson to prison for seven days".

Almost two years later, on 20th September 1904, George appears in the court report of The Aberdeen Daily Journal once again,

"Before Sheriff Begg and a jury, in the Aberdeen Courthouse yesterday, a young man named George Anderson, vagrant, was tried on a charge of having on the 6th August, in the shop at 11 Palmerston Road, Aberdeen, occupied by Alfred Sutton, grocer, pulled open a money drawer or till in the counter of the shop, and put his hand into the till with intent to steal. Accused pleaded not guilty, and Mr. Charles Diack, solicitor, appeared on his behalf.

The first witness called was Mrs. Sutton, who stated that on the date in question she was keeping the shop in the absence of her husband. She was in the back room, and on looking round saw the accused leaning over the counter. He had the till out, and there was 3s 6d in it at the time. She heard the jingling of the money. She ran past him and shut the front door, and accused him of having his hand in the till, but he denied it, saying - "Not me missus; not me". He opened the door and ran out and witness ran after him. She held onto him, and was assisted by Charles Farman, trawl fisherman, until the arrival of the police. The accused had been drinking.

The  Sheriff said unfortunately for accused, there were a great many previous convictions against him...His lordship did not think he could do less than impose a sentence of six months' imprisonment, and accused had better not come back again, because if he went on in his career of crime he would certainly land in the High Court and get a sentence of penal servitude".

Friday, September 3, 2021

John Cormack - "A Wick Man's Suspicious Habits"

If The Aberdeen Journal of the 30th November 1899 is to be believed, John Cormack was arrested and imprisoned for little more than acting in a shifty manner at Aberdeen railway station. Under the headline "A Wick Man's Suspicious Habits", the newspaper reported that,

"Yesterday, in Aberdeen Police Court, before Baillie Lyon, John Cormack (46), carpenter, a native of Wick, was charged with having, on the 27th, 28th and 29th inst., frequented the railway station with intent to commit felony. Accused denied the charge. From the evidence led, it appears accused, who had only been recently liberated from prison, went about idle, and made no effort to get work. At the railway station on the dates mentioned he was seen mixing among the passengers in a suspicious manner, and whenever he observed the city police detectives he made off. Accused stated to the magistrate that he had a wife and five children in Wick, and that he did not commit and had no intention of committing any evil. The Baillie sent Cormack to prison for 60 days".

Subsequent newspaper reports suggest that John Cormack had something of a reputation in the city and that the police had good reason to view his shiftiness with suspicion. Under the title, "A Lounger Sent to Prison", The Aberdeen Weekly Journal of the 29th August 1900 reported that, 

"Yesterday, before Sheriff Burnet, in Aberdeen Sheriff Court, John Cormack, a ship carpenter to trade, but of no fixed residence - a person well-known to the police, with a number of previous convictions for theft against his name - was charged with having, at the dwelling house at 14 Castle Terrace, Aberdeen, pretended to Mrs. Muldoon, wife of a private watchman, that he had just arrived from Wick by steamer, and had got work with John Lewis and Son, and, by this means, induced her to give him board and lodgings from the 26th to the 30th July, to the value of 7s 6d, for which he did not pay, and for which he had no intention of paying. He was also charged with having loitered about the Reclaimed Ground at the Inches, and the Green with the intention to commit felony"

Later on in the proceedings, three policemen are asked to comment on John Cormack's personality: what follows is something of a character assassination, 

"Detectives Gibb and Dey and Inspector Goodall had known Cormack for years, and stated that the man simply lived by his wits. He hardly ever worked, and when he did occasionally venture to take off his coat, he had to be dismissed for stealing. When not in prison, Cormack lounges about public places, such as the Free Library, the Fish Market, and the Green, or in the vicinity of any show that might visit the town. On one occasion he was detected in the reading-room of the Free Library with a considerable amount of plundered articles which he had transferred from other people's pockets to his own. He had been seen to pay particular attention to the pockets of ladies marketing at the Green, and when Sanger's Circus was in Aberdeen the detectives noticed that he was invariably to be found where the crowd was thickest".

Cormack was once again sentenced to 60 days in prison with hard labour. 

Thursday, August 26, 2021

Halford Percy Mills - The Paddington Swindler

Halford Mills was arrested at Newtonhill railway station on Friday the 16th March 1900. Originally from London, his accent may well have aroused suspicion when he claimed to be a native of Shetland. The Aberdeen Journal of Monday 19th March 1900 reported his apprehension as follows,

"Constable Murray of the Kincardineshire Police, stationed at Portlethen, received a complaint on Thursday last from a salmon fisher at Findon to the effect that a "gentleman" representing himself as an engineer and a native of Shetland desired board and lodgings as he had a week to spare before his ship sailed to carry him home. He got the lodgings but abruptly disappeared on the 14th and did not pay his bill. The constable instituted enquiries in the course of which he landed at Newtonhill Railway Station on Friday evening, a few minutes before the departure of the last train for the south. While waiting, he observed a man, who answered the description of the party he was in search of, making inquiry of the railway officials regarding a train to take him to Dundee. The constable, after some questioning, took him into custody and conveyed him to Stonehaven, where he gave the name of Halford Percy Mills, 21 years of age, and stated that he was a native of London". 

If having the audacity to impersonate a Shetlander wasn't bad enough, it transpires from the newspaper report that Halford was also wanted for a string of other offences, 

"...he is at present wanted by the Aberdeen police for an extensive fraud committed in October last, and also in England by the Hants and Birkenhead police for fraud and felony. He is likewise believed to be identical with a board and lodgings imposter and thief at present wanted by the Forfar, Dundee, Perth and Coatbridge police. Mills was taken to Aberdeen on Saturday by the Aberdeen police. He is wanted in the city in connection with a charge of fraud by obtaining a suit of clothes under false pretences".

Unfortunately it has not been possible to trace where or when Halford was tried for his crimes. However, given his unusual first name, it was possible to locate him on the 1891 and 1881 census returns when he was aged 13 and 3 respectively. In 1891 he had five siblings, while both census returns show that the family was living at 31 Cambridge Place in Paddington. His father, also named Halford and originally from Smarden in Kent, was an undertaker, while his mother was originally from Barking, East London.

Detail of map showing Cambridge Place, Paddington, London
OS London 1:1,056 - Sheet VI.89
Published 1895
Reproduced by permission of the National Library of Scotland

Friday, August 20, 2021

George Martin - "An Attempt to Wreck a Train"

George Martin was a labourer, of no fixed abode, who claimed to be from the Dumfries area. The Aberdeen Press & Journal described his crime under the headline of "A Silly Prank", although it was a prank that could have had serious consequences. The newspaper of the 28th September 1904 reported that on Sunday 19th September,

"...he was on his way to Elgin to work when he met another labourer from London who was also on his way north to work. The man whom the accused met had a bottle of whisky on him, and both drank the contents. The London man suggested that they should put planks on the railway [between Oyne and Pitcaple], in order to wreck a train, and between them they managed to put two planks on the metals. Accused's statement was that afterwards he fell asleep by the side of the railway, where he lay until he was awakened by the noise of a passing goods train. Accused subsequently came to Aberdeen and reported what he had done and gave himself up. Accused was 24 years of age and had never been in trouble before".

Depending on your point of view, you could say that George was either incredibly honest or incredibly stupid. The driver of the train had apparently not even noticed that the engine had harmlessly pushed the obstructions off the track and, had George made himself scarce, he would almost certainly have escaped with little more than his whisky-induced hangover. His partner in crime from London was never traced, while George's actions and honesty perplexed the sheriff who ordered that George be medically examined before sentence was passed.

The examination came to the conclusion that while there was undoubtedly "a certain amount of mental weakness" observable in George, he was not insane and was consequently sentenced to two months' imprisonment.

Monday, August 16, 2021

James Morren - "He said he did not know what was being done when the crime was committed"

James Morren was one of four men convicted in January 1901 in connection with the theft of £54. 4s. 3d., from the offices of Adam & Company, 42 Regent Quay, Aberdeen. He was represented in court by his solicitor, Mr. Donald Sinclair, who made strenuous efforts to downplay James's role in the affair, saying that by keeping a look out for the police, he had only played a "minor part" in the theft and because he was young and from a respectable family, he should therefore be treated with leniency. The Sheriff, however, was having none of it. As The Aberdeen Journal of the 23rd January 1901 reported, 

"Mr Thomas Maclennan, Depute Procurator Fiscal, said that the accused had kept his eye on the police while the others had committed the theft. Mr Maclennan again recounted the circumstances of the theft stating that one of the men pretended to be drunk, and, going to the edge of the quay, drew away the old watchman's attention while two of the thieves broke into the office, and Morren kept his eye on the police. Morren afterwards left town, and was only apprehended on the 19th December. He denied the crime until four days ago, when his agent intimated that he would plead guilty. The other men who shared in the crime were Tindall, who got eight months; Mann who got six months; and Mackenzie, who acted as decoy, and who got 30 days' imprisonment. The sheriff saw no reason to differentiate between Morren's case and that of the others. He would therefore have to go to prison for six months".

James Morren was incarcerated in Craiginches Prison, Aberdeen, appearing as a prisoner there on the 1901 census. James's occupation is given as an "able seaman", with his birthplace being Aberdeen. Although it has not been possible to locate him on the 1911 census, he does appear as an eight year old on the 1891 census, living with his parents and six siblings, who were aged between three and eighteen, on Princes Street, Aberdeen. His father and mother, William and Margaret, were both forty-two, with William's occupation given as a stone cutter. 

The Princes Street area where James Morren lived as a child in the 1890s
Reproduced by permission of the National Library of Scotland
Ordnance Survey - Aberdeenshire LXXV.11 (Aberdeen) Revised: 1899 to 1900, Publication date: 1902

Tuesday, August 3, 2021

David Wood - The Commercial Traveller and a Dirty Deed

This mugshot of David Wood taken on his arrest in October 1904 when he was 36, portrays him as a well groomed, dapper individual sporting a neatly trimmed moustache. His clean and natty appearance betrays his occupation as that of a travelling salesman for the Vinolia Soap Company for which he had worked for a total of twelve years, apart from a brief spell with the rival Crown Perfumery Company.

A Vinolia Soap Company newspaper advertisement from 1900

David Wood's crime was embezzlement of £11 8s.6d. from his employer, with the misdemeanour first coming to light in Aberdeen, hence his trial in the city. The Aberdeen Daily Journal of Saturday 15th October 1904 carried a report of the proceedings in which it was mentioned that Wood was a married man and that his home address was Viewforth, Edinburgh. The trial heard that Wood, 

"...travelled from Dundee and Perth all over the north of Scotland, to Orkney and Shetland, and for this he was allowed £2 a week and £3 of travelling expenses. Wood stated that that amount was quite insufficient to meet the expenses in covering the ground which he had to go over, and what he did with the money he embezzled was to spend it on the expenses he incurred in connection with the firm's business. There was nothing against Wood's character. He was a married man. He was extremely sorry that he had allowed himself to be tempted to commit the act of embezzlement, and if the Sheriff gave him the option of a fine, he would be able to get hs friends in Edinburgh to pay back the money which he had taken".

However, the presiding sheriff, Sheriff Begg, was none-too impressed when Wood's taste for high living was revealed during the course of the trial:

"The accused had lived in first-class hotels wherever he went and if he found that his expenses were too heavy, he should have lived in less expensive hotels...The Sheriff said that it was impossible to let Wood off with with a fine as an offence of this kind was very serious. Accused might account himself lucky in being tried in a summary court, and not before a jury. Sentence of one month's imprisonment was passed".



Friday, July 16, 2021

John Ross - "This Drunken Freak"

According to the pencil note above John Ross's photograph, he came from Lossiemouth. Perhaps it was his new-found freedom or the excitement of the bright lights of Aberdeen, but he soon found himself in trouble after moving to the big city. The Aberdeen Daily Journal of Saturday 29th September 1906 reported his trial under the headline "Aberdeen Housebreaker Sent to Prison", 

Before Hon. Sheriff Substitute Henry Peterkin, at Aberdeen yesterday, John Ross, coppersmith, was charged with having broken into premises adjoining a bakehouse at 93 George Street with intent to steal. He pleaded guilty. Mr. George Mackenzie, solicitor, who appeared for the accused, stated that the prisoner was a coppersmith to trade and came to Aberdeen about four months ago. So far as he (Mr. Mackenzie) knew, there was nothing against the accused before and it was certainly very unfortunate that he should have been tempted to break into those premises with intent to steal. The explanation was that he was the worse for drink and could not understand how he had let himself commit this drunken freak. Nothing had been stolen. Mr. T. Maclennan, Procurator Fiscal Depute, stated that the accused was caught before he had time to take anything. The sentence was two month's imprisonment. 

George Anderson - "He had a pedlar's certificate and went about the streets carrying shoelaces..."

Newspaper reports between 1902 and 1904 suggest that George Anderson was of no fixed abode and was well known to the police in Aberdeen. As ...